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Unit dose technology and fully automated closed-loop medication management

13 May 2022
Clinical Pharmaceutics and Pharmacy Technicians






The deployment of Unit dose technology enables fully automated closed-loop medication management and is now a reality in the UK.

Unit dose has been examined previously here, but not for over 25 years. Medicines management, hospital pharmacy practice, hospital activity and technology have all changed in that time, whilst problems with medicines waste, errors, stock management, administration, supply and distribution all remain.

Unit dose dispensing in the acute setting is challenging because of the high variability of the ‘prescriptions’ and type of medicines used, with a high proportion being non-oral-solid. The latest generation of Automation systems have been designed to facilitate real-time dispensing of all medication forms directly into the wards, as near to the bedside as possible and with closed-loop administration incorporated, thus significantly reducing waste, medicine consumption, stock levels and Medication Administration Errors (MAEs).


Ron Pate, Independent Pharmaceutical Consultancy
Andy Lyon, UK&I Commercial Director - Deenova
Graeme Hall, Associate chief pharmacist / chief pharmacy information officer - University hospitals of Leicester
Steve Tomlin, Director of the Children’s Medicines Centre - Great Ormond Street Hospital NHS Foundation Trust


Lead Education Partner

  • CPPE
  • Morph


Education Partner

  • BOPA
  • BPNG
  • CMHP
  • Health Education England


Education Partner

  • NHS England and NHS Improvement
  • NHS Digital
  • NHSx
  • PTOC
  • GPHC


Education Partner

  • NPPG
  • PCPA
  • PDA
  • Pharmacist Support
  • RPUK
  • SPS


Education Partner

  • Soar Beyond
  • NHCA
  • PrescQIPP
  • Pharmacy Declares
  • GHP and RPS


Media Partner

  • C&D
  • PDA
  • PrescQIPP
  • Scottish Healthcare Review
  • Welsh Healthcare Review
  • NI Healthcare Review
  • Prescriber


Nominated Charity

  • Pharmacist Support


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